Geology of Moon Revealed in Great Detail for First Time (+Video)
- April, 23, 2020 - 16:19
- Science news
TEHRAN (Tasnim) – For the first time in history, the entire lunar surface has been completely mapped and uniformly classified by scientists, paving the way for safer future Moon landings.
Scientists from the USGS Astrogeology Science Center, in collaboration with NASA and the Lunar and Planetary Institute, have produced the ‘Unified Geologic Map of the Moon,’ at 1:5,000,000 scale, marking the culmination of decades of work.
“People have always been fascinated by the Moon and when we might return,” said current USGS director and former NASA astronaut Jim Reilly. “So, it’s wonderful to see USGS create a resource that can help NASA with their planning for future missions.”
The seamless and therefore painstaking merger of old and new data allowed USGS researchers to produce a unified description of the rock layers on the Moon, with different colors marking distinct geological eras – for example, pink denotes the Imbrian era. This dominates the lunar surface, marking the time during which the Moon was bombarded by asteroids from outer space.
NASA is currently preparing for new missions to the Moon. These will take place by 2024 and likely include the first female astronaut to walk on its surface.