Mostowfi House: Monument in Iran's Shushtar
TEHRAN (Tasnim) - Mostowfi house belongs to the Qajar dynasty reign. Mostowfi house is a complex containing mosque, public bath and a bridge.
Mostowfi complex was built by the command of Mohammad Ali Mostowfi in the reign of Muzaffar-Al-Din Shah, the architect was Mohammad Taghi Memar.
The other places in the complex are museum, restaurant, gallery of handicrafts and photography studio. Mostowfi house now is used as the Information Department of Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization. Mostowfi house is confirmed as the official center of UNESCO in Khouzestan Province.
Mostowfi house is famous for its restaurant. The traditional interior, Shadorwan River landscape and traditional local food make it the main tourism site in Shushtar. Even the live music makes a perfect visitation to you.
Mostowfi house is divided into two sections as Zenana and Biruni with a view to Shadorwan weir-dam and the Shatit River, a branch from the Karun River.
Biruni section contains doorways, corridors and rooms around and vestibule. Zenana section contains central courtyard, alcove, porch, reception rooms in summer and winter classifications and wind catchers. The structure’s material includes clay, brick and stucco.
The main doorway located in the west side of the complex reaches to the central courtyard through a narrow corridor with two rooms. The central courtyard is square-shaped and covered by the rectangular bricks. There is an octagonal pool in the eastern side of the mansion. On this axis there is a pavilion and a rounded pool smaller than the other, pavilion is decorated by the techniques of Karbandi and Rasmibandi.
Beside the eastern side of the mansion there’s a wide flat porch. The porch has been built on two octagonal columns, two half-columns and three barrel vaults. Some sections near the porch are divided into two stories. On the canopy, the porch encompasses three large windcatchers. The collateral windcatchers are octagonal and the middle one is quadrilateral. Central wind tower ventilates the porch and the others ventilates subcellar.
The northern side of mansion surrounds a flat with a meter in height and eight meters in width. It operates as a corridor to link northwestern and southwestern parts to each other. The flat is established on nine rounded brick columns.