Iran Equips Border Crossing with Advanced Telecommunication Balloon Platforms

Iran Equips Border Crossing with Advanced Telecommunication Balloon Platforms

TEHRAN (Tasnim) – The Space Research Institute of Iran has ensured continuous telecommunication service at the Iran-Iraq border crossing in Ilam Province by installing a communication balloon for serving Iranian pilgrims during the Arbaeen period.

The head of the Iranian Space Organization Hassan Salariye, explained the organization's efforts during the Arbaeen period, stating, "The balloon collection and its control platform are strategically located in the northern perimeter of the border customs area in the Mehran border region. The primary aim is to offer LTE and Wi-Fi services to the esteemed pilgrims. Additionally, the platform has the capability to install monitoring payloads for border surveillance as needed."

"The testing operation utilizes a balloon known as 'Bam 50,' capable of carrying payloads of up to 50 kilograms. The entire design and construction of the Bam 50 balloon and its platforms were completed in-house at the research institute. This innovative platform not only optimizes structural aspects but also integrates advanced navigation and automatic mechanisms for data collection and transmission, facilitating mechanical and flight control," Salari further elaborated.

Telecommunication balloons are affixed to platforms or bases to control direction and altitude. These platforms are equipped with various components, including power supply systems, balloon gas charging mechanisms, weather stations, and transfer and displacement mechanisms.

Last year, in October, the nation introduced a new generation of mobile balloon platforms in East Azerbaijan Province. These mobile control stations and platforms have the capability to launch intelligent telecommunication balloons in various regions, particularly in areas affected by natural disasters, to meet communication needs.

Furthermore, the telecommunication payload of these balloons can offer LTE-4G services. In case of incidents or disruptions in radio frequency communication, these balloons can transmit the radio frequency signal from a distance of approximately 30 kilometers to the platform's base. From there, the payload can relay this signal to users within a 20-kilometer radius and at an altitude of 300 kilometers.

The Space Research Institute has rigorously tested the telecommunication balloon system for payloads of 15, 50, and 300 kilograms under diverse conditions. Presently, it is in operation, providing internet services with a 50-kilogram payload at the Mehran border terminal.

This versatile system holds promise for various applications, including surveillance. It can be equipped with night vision cameras for monitoring the country's borders or enhancing wireless signals, offering the potential to extend their range by up to tenfold.

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